All this week, Simon and Karen are hosting one of their themed readalongs: the 1951 Club, a celebration of books first published in this notable year. My choice for the event is Olivia Manning’s School for Love, a highly compelling coming-of-age story set in Jerusalem during the closing stages of the Second World War. This brilliant novel features a guardian by the name of Miss Bohun, a most distinctive character quite unlike any other I’ve encountered, either in literature or in life itself. I hope to find a place for the book in my end-of-year highlights.
Recently orphaned following the death of his mother from typhoid, young Felix Latimer is sent from Baghdad to Jerusalem to live with his father’s adopted sister, the aforementioned Miss Bohun – at least until the war is over and he can return to England. (His father, a British official of some sort, was killed by the Iraqis during a disturbance one year earlier.) As the novel opens, Felix is feeling apprehensive about meeting his adopted aunt, a woman his kind-hearted mother never wanted to visit when she was alive.
Whenever his father had suggested a trip to Jerusalem, his mother had said: ‘Oh no, dear one, not there. We’d have to see Ethel Bohun. I couldn’t bear it.’ (pp. 7-8)
On his arrival in Jerusalem, Felix finds the formidable Miss Bohun rather brusque and unwelcoming, preoccupied as she is with running the household and preparing the front room for an unspecified guest. (As it turns out, Miss Bohun spends much of her spare time running the city’s branch of the ‘Ever-Readies’ , a religious group that believes in the Second Coming of Christ. Her endeavours to prepare the spare room are closely connected to these activities, a point that becomes apparent as the story unfolds.)
Desperately craving some much-needed love and affection, Felix is terribly lonely and unsettled by his new surroundings. The environment is cold and spartan, with very little in the way of comfort; even the meals are scant and tasteless as Miss Bohun refuses to buy anything on the black market in her quest to save money.
Miss Bohun said: ‘I know no one can take the place of your mother, Felix, but I’m a sort of relative – the only relative of any sort that you have out here – and I want to do what I can for you. It’s my duty, anyway.’
Felix said: ‘Thank you,’ and tried out of gratitude to feel responsive, but the space between them seemed to echo with emptiness. Miss Bohun was so unlike his mother, and, for some reason, he felt sure that when she had raised her eyes and looked at him she had somehow expressed disappointment in him. Perhaps she had imagined he would be older, or younger, or better-looking, or a more unusual sort of boy. Anyway she retired now into her own thoughts, eyes hidden, and he gave his attention to the meal of grey, gritty bread and tasteless tea. (pp. 15-16)
It soon becomes clear – to the reader at least – that Miss Bohun is a manipulative monster, a rather absurd and disillusioned creature who considers herself a paragon of virtue when in fact she is anything but. She appears to have taken over the running of the house from its former occupant, the Polish refugee, Frau Leszno. Having been relegated to the position of Miss Bohun’s cook/housekeeper, Frau Leszno is currently residing in the servants’ quarters, a reversal of fortunes she deeply resents. In this scene, Miss Bohun tells Felix how she came to live at the house, clearly implying that she was doing Frau Leszno a huge favour by taking control of the situation. Or, if one looks at it another way, Miss Bohun saw an opportunity for personal gain which she seized without a moment’s hesitation.
I happened to knock on this gate and Frau Leszno opened it – a poor, bedraggled, starved thing that started to cry before she’d said half-a-dozen words. They’d already sold part of the furniture at a loss to keep going. Well, I came in and took charge at once. I’m always looking for some way to be of use in the world and here was my chance – the sick old man, and Frau Leszno wailing and lamenting and wringing her hands. She showed me over the house – well, really, I showed her over it – and there were these simply splendid rooms, empty, just what I wanted. I told her I’d take two of two of the bedrooms. “Now,” I said, “you’re not to worry. I’ll look after you.” (p. 31)
Also living in the house are Frau Leszno’s grown-up son, Nikky – a young man whom Felix initially misjudges as being somewhat surly and uninformed – and an impoverished elderly gentleman, Mr Jewel, who camps out in the attic.
In his naivety and innocence, Felix initially finds himself coming down on the side of Miss Bohun in her running battles with Frau Leszno over the various arrangements in the house. After all, his adopted aunt has been charitable in offering him a home. Nevertheless, it would appear that Miss Bohun is profiting out of Felix’s presence by overcharging for his board and lodgings. She scrimps on everything in the house – food, heating, lighting – basically any kind of warmth or compassion is in short supply. Felix’s only friend is Faro, Miss Bohun’s adorable Siamese cat.
One day, however, everything changes…Into the mix comes a recently widowed young woman, the rather sophisticated Mrs Ellis, who joins the household on the understanding that she will be able to rent the whole house from Miss Bohun at the end of the summer. Naturally, Felix is captivated by Mrs Ellis, particularly as she treats him more like a grown-up than a young boy, taking him out in the evenings and opening his eyes to the wider aspects of life. Moreover, Mrs Ellis is no fool, and she quickly gets the measure of Miss Bohun and her modus operandi. Tensions in the household soon increase, particularly once it becomes clear that Mrs Ellis is expecting a baby — in this scene, Miss Bohun is talking to Felix following a run-in with her new lodger.
‘I don’t want to discuss it, Felix, if you don’t mind. I was quite ready to do Mrs Ellis a kindness if I could – but, dear me, it isn’t everyone nowadays that’s willing to have a baby in their house. I feel sorry for the poor thing – a widow and going to be a mother, it’s very sad – but I have to consider myself, as well, and you, too, my dear boy. I offered you a home. I know young mothers think the world should revolve round themselves and their offspring, but she can hardly expect to deprive you of your home.’
‘She said I could live here with her,’ said Felix eagerly.
‘She did, did she?’ Miss Bohun smiled a sour little smile. ‘So it’s all arranged! I’m afraid you don’t know this town, my dear boy. You are under my protection and I certainly could not let you involve yourself in a situation that might lead to gossip.’
Felix was not clear what Miss Bohun meant by this remark, so did not contest it, […] (p. 121)
As the story moves towards its dramatic conclusion, young Felix discovers that our first impressions of others may not always be entirely representative of their true values. He learns to look beyond the surface, to question the motives and behaviours of those around him, especially when the individuals concerned appear to lack any sense of humanity. As his eyes are opened and the veil of innocence falls away, Felix begins to see another side to Miss Bohun, neatly captured in the following quote.
Felix, paused by the table, turned on her a mystified face. He could feel no reassurance in her change of tone: he was fearful and filled with distrust. For a moment, seeing her sitting there calmly and running at will through the gamut of her tones of command, exasperation, self-pity and disapproval, he was suddenly certain of her falsity. His faith in her as a human being had gone and he could believe her to be capable of anything – perhaps even of cruelty to Faro or indifference were Faro suffering. (pp. 221-222)
School for Love is a really terrific book, by turns sad, humorous, insightful and surprising. In its focus on a young boy’s loss of innocence, the novel shares something with Alberto Moravia’s Agostino and Stefan Zweig’s Burning Secret, both of which are excellent reads. I couldn’t help but feel for Felix as he tries to fill the yawning gap left by the loss of his beloved mother, a woman who wanted to shelter him from the harsh realities of life for as long as possible. (Felix’s age is never confirmed, but I think he’s around thirteen or fourteen, even though he seems quite young for his age.)
In Miss Bohun, Manning has created a fascinating character, one that is sure to generate strong opinions either way. Is she a manipulative hypocrite, determined to seize any opportunity and exploit it for her own personal gain? (At several points in the novel, Miss Bohun appears to be manoeuvring people in and out of various rooms in the house as a means of protecting her own interests.) Or is she simply deluded, predominately acting on the belief that she is doing the morally upstanding thing in a changing and unstable world? The former, I think, although it’s hard to discount an element of the latter. (The novel would make a terrific choice for a book group as there’s plenty to discuss.)
The minor characters are beautifully realised too, especially the kind-hearted Mr Jewel who befriends Felix in the latter stages of the book. Before finishing up, I should also mention the Jerusalem setting. Manning spent time in this region and it clearly shows; the night-time scenes in the café bars are particularly atmospheric. There is a real sense of displacement here in a city where resources are scare and accommodation hard to come by.
All in all, this is a wonderful read with much to commend it – very highly recommended indeed.
School for Love is published by NYRB Classics; personal copy.
Sounds fab! Will add to my wish list.
Lovely! It’s a terrific book, great characterisation and interpersonal dynamics. I think you’ll like it a lot.
This sounds wonderful Jacqui, what a fascinating central character in Miss Bohun. I’ve not read any Manning, I’ll have to give her try.
Yes, she’s really quite unlike anyone I’ve ever encountered before! A very complex woman with many flaws and idiosyncrasies, I’d love to hear what you think of her.
I read both the Levant and Balkan trilogies years ago and enjoyed them very much but I’ve not come across School for Love before. It sounds wonderful, very atmospheric.
Oh, I have a copy of the Balkan Trilogy on my shelves and am looking forward to it immensely. Glad to hear you enjoyed it so much. One for the winter, I think – a bit like that Miklos Banffy series I read 18 months or so ago.
Definitely one to wrap yourself up in and I suspect you’ll want to go on to the Levant after that.
I love the sound of this, bring on the monsterous character! Going on the list.
Yay! She’s a fascinating character, so sharply drawn that I’ve been wondering if Manning was inspired by someone she had met in real life. On the surface, Miss Bohun appears to be a manipulative monster, driven predominantly by greed and personal gain. But then again, there might be an element of delusion in her character, almost as if she believes she is doing the right thing by attempting to uphold certain moral standards. It’s hard to discount this entirely – that’s why I think it would be a great book for discussion. I’d love to hear what you make of her should you decide to read it!
Oh, that’s interesting – both the realistic portrayal and the aspect of delusion. There’s something horribly fascinating about terrible characters who believe they’re in the right.
Isn’t there just! She reminded me a little of the mother in Jeanette Winterson’s Oranges are Not the Only Fruit…
Brilliant! I’m in.
Great stuff. Trust me, you will not regret it!
Lovely review Jacqui and I must add it to my list of wants. The only Mannings I’ve read so far are the Balkan Trilogy, and I know I have more somewhere but not this I think. She’s such a great writer and wonderful at character – which is sounds like she nails here! Glad you could take part in the 1951 club and I’ll link to you on the page later this week!
Thanks, Karen. This is well worth considering if you’re keen to read more of Manning’s work in the future. I loved The Doves of Venus too, so she has the potential to become a favourite author – I have the Balkans to look forward to at some point.
Thanks for co-hosting another of these clubs – it’s good to see so much interest in it again.
Great review Jacqui.
The Miss Bohun character sounds so interesting to read about. There is something about malicious and manipulative people in literature. Of course, such folks are a lot better to encounter on the page as apposed to real life!
Thanks, Brian. Yes indeed – Ethel Bohun is fascinating to read about on the page, but she’s not someone I would want to encounter in real life! I couldn’t help but feel for Felix in that situation. How could someone be so uncaring and miserly when a young boy has just lost both of his parents in relatively quick succession? It doesn’t bear thinking about…
I’m saving your review until after I have read my copy of this. I’m trying to race through my current read – which is good – so I can read more Olivia Manning.
Oh yes, do save it. I tend to do the same if I’m about to read the book in question. It’s always best to approach these things fresh and unencumbered by another reviewer’s perspective. Looking forward to comparing notes with you once you’re done!
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Check out the book, School for Love, by Olivia Manning, courtesy of Jacqui Wine’s blog
Thanks for sharing my review, much appreciated.
Your description brings 10 Rillington Place to mind. Post-war austerity here that goes beyond the British monopoly on it. I like your even and rounded summary of the book.
Thank you. I guess my image of Miss Bohun changed slightly as the book developed. I still think she behaved abominably to almost everyone she came into contact with, but I couldn’t help but feel that things weren’t quite as simple as they appeared at first sight. 10 Rillington Place is an interesting reference. I re-watched the original film a couple of months ago and it still holds up very well. Richard Attenborough is terrifying in that role, really creepy – I’m getting the shivers just thinking about him now.
Miss Bohun also reminded me of the mother in Jeanette Winterson’s novel Oranges are Not the Only Fruit, another domineering woman on a mission to do God’s work, There are some interesting parallels there, I think.
>the mother in Jeanette Winterson’s novel Oranges are Not the Only Fruit
Ah yes. A moraliser blind to her own damaging influences. It’s strange to visualise gloom like this when it’s set in a sunny country. Perhaps Northern Europeans like me imagine that gloom only collects in the lands of short days and grainy black & white dramas?
Yes, that’s a good point about the setting, but Manning’s portrait of poverty-stricken Jerusalem is very convincing. You really get the feel of a city in flux, a place where people are basically trying to survive as best they can in a rapidly changing and uncertain environment. That said, it’s hard not to associate these conditions with the UK of the 1950s and ’60s. I guess we’ve got all those kitchen sink novels/dramas to thank for that!
Oh you’re bad! You make me want to get this right now. It sounds fabulous. I don’t think I’ve ever read a book set in Jerusalem. And I love coming-of-age stories. And some of the characters sound wonderful.
Sorry, but I really, really loved this one! The charcaterisation is terrific – not only Miss Bohun, but Felix and Mrs Ellis too, not to mention the Lesznos. I think you’d like this a lot, Caroline – it would be great to see a review from you.
This is one of my very favourite books, Jacqui, and I’m so glad you liked it too. That opening scene, the arrival in Jerusalem in the snowstorm, is so vivid. Manning is terrific–I think you will love The Balkan Trilogy. Talk about vivid characters! I hadn’t thought of it until reading your review, but there’s definitely some Elizabeth Bowen going on here–secrets. possible malevolence, uncertainty, etc.
That’s a terrific spot with the Bowen comparison, definitely some interesting parallels there! I’ve only read a couple so far (The Death of the Heart and The Hotel), but I can totally see what you mean by the malevolence and uncertainty comments – characters with ulterior motives, too. Bowen seems more oblique than Manning, more opaque perhaps? Nevertheless, there is something rather shadowy about several of the characters in School for Love. I guess that’s why I think it would make a great topic for a discussion group!
Agree re: book club. Bowen is definitely more opaque at the sentence level. Maybe in terms of plot and character too. But lots of shadowy monstrousness in mid 20th century British women’s writing. Have you read Barbara Comyns?
Funnily enough, I’ve just read Our Spoon Came from Woolworths, which I really enjoyed. Review to follow, probably in a few weeks’ time as I’m horrendously behind with everything at the moment!
It’s a great book. And much more uplifting than The Vet’s Daughter.
I didn’t get very far with The Vet’s Daughter when I tried it last year, so Spoons came as a pleasant surprise – it really made an impression on me!
This sounds very much up my street, especially with the Moravia and Zweig mentions!
I think you’d get a lot out of it, Grant. One to keep in mind once you’re finished with your Man Booker International duties? :-)
I loved this book, it is quite brief but extremely evocative both of Jerusalem and the marvellous Miss Bohun who is such a memorable, deplorable and brilliant character. I have Manning’s Balkan Trilogy sitting on my shelf and keep trying to get around to it (but it is long) because Manning seems an extremely accomplished writer. Lovely review Jacqui, of a lovely book.
Thanks, Belinda. So glad to hear that you loved it too. Manning does a great job in capturing the setting, doesn’t she? You really get a feel for a city in flux, where everything is changing not always for the better. Like you, I’m keen to get around to the Balkan Trilogy at some point – it’s just a question of finding the right time for a chunkster like that!
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I have not read any books by Manning. Miss. Bohun sounds like a very interesting character to read about. I like that you pointed out how the read gets atmospheric in some places. I enjoy books as those.
Manning’s well worth trying. This is the second book of hers that I’ve read now – the first was Doves of Venus, also excellent – and I think she has the potential to become one of my favourite authors, She’s probably best known for The Balkan and Levant trilogies, known collectively as the Fortunes of War.
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Great review! And not just because I agree with every word of it. I’ll also have to look out for those two you compare it to…
Thanks, Simon. I loved this one, so thank you for giving me a good reason to read it! Agostino is excellent, as is the Zweig – each one offers a different spin on the theme of a young boy’s loss of innocence. It’s a theme I never seem to tire of in literature
A different reading. Sounds fab! And as usual, what a cover! Reading your blog is a win-win because we get amazing reviews and gorgeous covers.
Isn’t it the most wonderful cover? These NYRB artworks can be a bit hit or miss, but this one feels just right – it matches the book to perfection!
What a great review. This book sounds so intriguing. I am very late to this book meme but I have finally finished my 1951 reads and posted about them if you would like to visit my blog.http://luvviesmusings.blogspot.com.au/
Thanks. It’s a great read, highly recommended. I’m still trying to catch up with some of the 1951 Club reviews that were posted during the week. It’s good to see so much interest in the event, glad you were able to join in.
It sounds rather well done, and an easier intro than Fortunes of War which is rather daunting. How does it compare to Doves of Venus for you?
Both are excellent. School for Love is tighter than Doves of Venus, more accomplished I guess. Miss Bohun is such a monstrous character, and yet she still feels so authentic and sharply observed. That said, I love the freshness of youth in Doves, the sense that the protagonist’s whole life is ahead of her complete with all the opportunities and uncertainties this presents. In some ways, it reminds me of Brigid Brophy’s lovely novel The King of a Rainy County which I discovered thanks to you!
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What an intriguing read this was. Like you, I enjoyed this book very much. Manning packed so much in under 200 pages. What a feat! I’ll be thinking about this book for a good long while. I keep wondering if Mr. Jewel had the best understanding of Miss Bohun or the most naive one (perhaps these aren’t mutually exclusive). This is my first book by her but it won’t be my last.
Yes, SO intriguing! And you’re right, she does manage to pack a lot of developments into the story without it feeling too diffuse. Oddly enough, I barely mentioned Mr Jewel in my review, so my memory of him is a bit hazy. That said, these slightly detached bystanders (like Mr Jewel) often have a really good insight into the major characters in a this type of novel, especially with a boarding-house setting…
I’ve thought about choosing this one for my book group at various points over the past few years — and given the fascinating conversations you’ve had within Kim’s ‘NYRB Women’ reading group this month, I may well suggest it in the future. There’s so much to discuss!
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